The food and the kidneys health
The human body has several systems. Cardiorespiratory system, digestive system, urinary system, nervous system, among others. All systems are formed by organs, and these by tissues, which in turn are formed by cells, and these by molecules. Everything in the human body needs a perfect synchronism so that it stays in homeostasis (equilibrium). When an organism remains out of balance for a long time, it becomes vulnerable to viral, bacteriological, fungal or even psychic pathologies. One of the most affected organs in metabolic imbalance is the kidney.
The kidneys perform various processes in human metabolism, including blood filtration, blood pH regulation, electrolyte balance, blood pressure maintenance, hormone production (erythropoietin, renin and vitamin D), and regulation of red cell composition, among several others. When kidney functions begin to fail we begin to notice swelling in the legs, changes in urine color, back pain, increased blood pressure and ringing in the ear, which may characterize that something is wrong with the kidneys. Usually, humans are born with 1 million nephrons in each kidney.
Nephrons are responsible for all the work of the kidneys and begin their gradual death after 50 years which it is intensified every decade. That is, after the age of 50, the kidneys start losing the ability to work at 100% of its potential. Some factors related to diets are crucial to good kidney health. To avoid sugar consumption, salt and protein excess are just some of the ways to preserve the kidneys for longer. Excessive lifetime sugar consumption can lead to insulin intolerance, decreasing the ability of cells to metabolize glucose, forcing the conversion of amino acids into glucose for vital functions. The problem is that every time the amino acids are needed to be converted into glucose, the amino compound, which contains nitrogen, will undergo a process called deamination.
Deamination process causes a significant increase of the ammonia concentration in the body due to nitrogen in its composition. Since the human body cannot eliminate ammonia, the liver converts it into urea which will be eliminated by the kidneys. The more urea the kidneys need to eliminate the more work the nephrons will have. So take good care of your food so that your kidneys will be grateful for that.